Orlando Figes Kindle ePUB / PDF A People's Tragedy The Russian Revolution 1891–1924 – eBook & Kindle ePUB
A people s tragedy The Russian Revolution 1891 1924 Orlando FigesA People s Tragedy The Russian Revolution 1891 1924 is n Champion award winning book written by British historian Orlando Figesnd published in 1996 According to Figes the whole of 1917 could be seen s political battle between those who saw the revolution s means of bringing the war to The Queens Resistance (The Queen’s Rising, an endnd those who saw the war s means of bringing the revolution to n end 2011 1891 1924 1388 2 9789641850465 1 9789641850441 2 9789641850458 1891 1924 1891 1924 1917 1891 1924 1917 1995 1891 1917 1917 1918 1918 1924 This is t one Full Moon (Dark Guardian, and the same time very long book nd fascinating one As exhaustive study of Russian history from the reign of Nicholas II to the death of Lenin it is epic in its sweep The only reasons I could not find it in me to give it five stars re the following1 Orlando Figes has developed reputation for con Orlando Figes masterful A People s Tragedy The Russian Revolution 1891 1924 provides rich nd complex portrait that of Russian society t the time of the fall of the Romanov dynasty nd the birth of the Communist state One does not read it for Figes opinions but rather for the mount of detail that he is Bright Boys: The Making of Information Technology able to marshallnd synthesize on the key social cultural nd political trends of the revolutionary era The book is great pleasure for nyone fascinated by the culture nd history of Russia Even those who disagree with Figes conclusions will gree that he has taught them great deal bout the eraIn terms of primary research Figes specialty is Russian peasant society Not surprisingly then the greatest strength of the book is the nalysis of the role of the peasantry during the revolutionary era Figes Badge 387: The Story of Jim Simone, America's Most Decorated Cop argues that very effectively that the overriding goal of the leaders of the peasant communes times was tocuire ownership of the land held by the nobility When the Tsar s regime fell the peasant communes spontaneously seized the noble lands Subseuently they supported the Communists who promised them that they could keep the land Castle's Fortress against the Whites who said that they would restore it to the nobles Once the Whites had been expelled from Russia the Communists proceeded to collectivized the land by takingdvantage of generational cleavage in the countryside The Communists recruited young peasants who had moved to the city to work in factories to ct s bureaucrats in the gricultural communities Dating by the Book and lead the fightgainst the oder communal leaders d In this way the Communists used one generation of peasant leaders to fight the Whites nd second generation of peasants to imposed collectivizationRelying on the writings of other historians Figes makes the dditonal points1 Tsar Nicholas was the uthor of his own downfall He packed his government One Sinful Night and hisrmy with individuals who were loyal to his utocracy but totally lacking in bility Conseuently the Russian war effort was bungled in every Dirty Professor aspect which brought down the Tsar s regime 2 It waslso the Tsar s fault that liberal democracy failed in Russia For the previous 20 years Nicholas had resisted every effort to create constitutional monarchy in Russia which prevented the development of strong class of liberal democratic politicians Thus when the Romanov dynastry fell in February 1917 the provisional government lasted less than year before second revolution brought the Bolcheviks to power3 The Bolcheviks came to power not because they had the greatest support mongst the working class but because of Lenin s energy nd uncommon sense of timing In Figes view Lenin stole the revolution from the Soviets4 The notion that Stalin was the one who established terror nd totalitarianism in communist Russia is revisionist myth fabricated by Left wing historians It was in fact Lenin in fact that who established the practices nd institutions of the communist dictatorship Orlando Figes A People s Tragedy is very dense book but one that is richly rewarding It will give Melville; Shame Evil Eye: A Psychoanalytic Reading a great deal of pleasure tonyone who has the energy reuired to read it through to the end If you thought the Season 5 finale of Game of Thrones was brutal Orlando Figes wants to educate you You don t pick up book like A People s Tragedy with the notion that it s going to be filled with newborn puppies ice cream giveaways nd people finding rolled up Brody and forgotten twenty dollar bills in their pockets If you do have that notion well you should really reread the title Even so the collection of misery in Figes massive history of the Russian Revolution is pretty overwhelming This is 824 pages of small font despairs the Russian people move from ruthless Brody (Circle Eight, and orderedutocracy to ruthless His Voice, His Command and unordered Revolution before finally settling on ruthless Soviet government s dictatorial nd rbitrary s nything seen under the Tsars Contained between these two covers re Kid all the things my wife tells mere not Wait Till Next Year - A Memoir appropriate small talk for dinner parties War wars waged by fools the Venus in Sackcloth: The Magdelen's Origins and Metamorphoses attendant slaughter of wars waged by fools revolution the Iced Under attendant slaughter of revolutions waged by fanatics famine torture capriciousness shortsightedness disloyalty backstabbing nd betrayal execution nd murder This is the kind of book from which I had to take several breaks I JUST COULDN T PUSH ALL THE WAY THROUGH THE couldn t push ll the way through The is so big The font is so small Helpfully the book is broken into manageable parts llowing me to dip in nd out whenever I needed dose of perspective Traffic is bad But t least my farm hasn t been taken over by Bolshevik stooge Figes opens his narrative beautifully with Within a Captains Hold (Captains of the Scarlet Night, a Barbara Tuchman like set piece that describes the 300 yearnniversary of Romanov rule over Butcher all the Russias He then circles back to give brief overview of that spotted reign before devoting pproximately the next 150 pages to the workings of Russia under the Tsar Nicholas II I read this book s part of my Two Person Russian Book Club which includes me nd my friend Jamie As part of our elite exclusive Book Club I m the founder President treasurer nd drunk Jamie is the member Vice President nd chief enabler we ve lready read couple books on Nicholas Alexandra nd their doomed family Thus this first section seemed pretty straightforward nd standard You have Nicholas II who rose to power far too soon fter his father s early death inexpertly wielding his prerogatives without the faintest idea that the world had shifted off its One Last Kiss axis Historian Margaret MacMillan is fond of describing Nicholas IIs n ideal village postmaster I love that description because it fits him so wellat least to point This is guy of such strikingly limited bilities that I would hesitate to let him manage my slow pitch softball team Yet he led one of the great powers on Earth with lmost no brakes on his powers Part of him never seemed to want the job He loved nd doted on his family He filled his diary with the most insipid banalities He probably could have lived No One Needs To Know a longnd immeasurably happier life if he d just retired to Selections From Great Works of Mawlana Jalal Al-Din Rumi a dacha somewherend let someone nyone else rule in his place And yet t the same time he fiercely guarded his powers When his people wanted Kisses Don't Lie an inch he gave them centimeter Eventually his people took mile By the time he realized his destiny was to be n verage man good father Murder at Morningside a caring husbandnd somnolent diarist it was far too late The second part of the book covering the years from 1891 1917 covers the gradual erosion of the Tsar A disastrous war gainst Japan Dead Perfect a social revolutionnd many unforced Tsarist errors served to weaken the monarchy In 1914 Franz Ferdinand was ssassinated nd Russia suddenly found itself the linchpin of history their choice to mobilize or not to support Serbia or not is one of the biggest factors in the July Crisis tipping towards general European war Nicholas s choice to go to war kind of feels like the choice of Bones To Pick a troubled couple to have kid or Clockworks and Corsets a second or third or fourth kid to paper over bad marriage Hey maybe if we go to war ll the people will love me gain It didn t work that way The story of Tsar Nicholas s bdication his imprisonment in Ekaterinburg s House of Special Purpose nd his nd his family s murder is familiar story nd Figes does not spend much time on this death pageant Instead he takes deep dive into the workings New Girl on the Job and failures of the Provisional Governmentnd the plotting nd scheming of the Bolshevik takeoverIn telling this Figes takes pains to present many points of view There is the obvious focus on the big
Names Lenin Trotsky Gorky Lenin Trotsky Gorky rightfully so But he lso finds peasants nd workingmen nd peasants who became workingmen to demonstrate how the Revolution beg. Written in narrative style that captures both the scope nd detail of the Russian revolution Orlando Figes's history is certain to become one of the most important contemporary studies of Russia Her Wounded Warrior as it wast the beginning of the 20th century With n lmost cinematic eye Figes captures the broad movements of war nd revolution never losing sight of the individuals whose lives make up his subject He makes use of personal papers nd personal histories to illustrate the effects the revolution wrought
Download A People's Tragedy The Russian Revolution 1891–1924An from the bottom up nd where it got its support He makes n One House Over (The Neighbors) admirablettempt to follow certain people throughout the entire process tracing their personal fortunes long with the ebb nd flow of the wider historical moments Unsurprisingly many of these people s stories end dismally Figes Between You and Me (The Harrisons, also does not neglect to mention Rasputin s penis Rasputin sssassin Cinderella and the Ghost (The Cursed Princes, andlleged homosexual lover Felix Yusupov claimed that his prowess was explained by large wart strategically situated on his penis which was of exceptional size On the other hand there is evidence to suggest that Rasputin was in fact impotent nd that while he lay naked with many women he had sex with very few of them In short he was great lecher but not great lover When Rasputin was medically examined fter being stabbed in failed murder ttempt in 1914 his genitals were found to be so small nd shriveled that the doctor wondered whether he was capable of the sexual ct t ll Rasputin himself had once boasted to the monk Iliodor that he could lie with women without feeling passion because his penis did not function History It s in the detailsAt this point I should mention that I don t know ton bout Russian history Once Nicholas II was off the stage I was in the wilderness I know I just made big deal bout my Two Person Russian Book Club But really we re lot of talk nd some wine I m not n expert I m t the point in my life where I can still get Kerensky nd Kornilov confused if I m not paying close Killer Physique (Savannah Reid Mystery, attention Ilso have little knowledge to draw on when it comes to the ideological underpinnings of the Bolsheviks or the Mensheviks or what it means to be Marxist Fox News tell me it s bad but this is not tremendously helpful That s why it s telling that I still enjoyed this book so much It is unbelievably dense nd relatively long it s tremendously long when compared to most books only relatively long when compared to books by Russians or bout Russia but still manageable Figes is generous enough writer to lead relative novice through this thorny complex heavily peopled period relatively unscathed On the other hand I don t think this is n entry level volume It covers too much ground Amish Homecoming at too high level to say that What kept me grounded Enticing the Earl and reading was Figes s relentlessttention to the human detail He doesn t get lost in bstract political theorizing He focuses on Rasputin s penis personalities nd uirks Jewish German Revolution and circumstancesnd tough choices This is n individual based telling of history where people s decisions matter Tolstoy probably would have disapproved I on the other hand thought it was great This is huge book befitting huge subject nd Figes gives it the treatment it deserves It is uthored by that rare combination n expert who can Money Makin Mamas Collection also write It took some patiencend Yellow Tail breaks to complete but it was well worth the effort First Figes briskly deals with Bound To Love Her (Zebra Debut) all those things you thought you knewbout the Russian Revolution Lenin Stalin Trotsky Kerensky the liberals the Bolsheviks the Tsar Again Hard to Handle (Fortis andgain I realized I had picked up myths either promoted by those who lost or those who consolidated the Revolution The mythmaking machine was going full tilt from 1917 onwards particularly during the Stalinist First Comes Desire (Pirates Prize and Cold War Yearsnd this book would be irreplaceable if only for stripping way so much that you thought you knew which was wrongSecond by starting the book in 1891 with famine which revealed the incompetence of the Tsarist beaurocracy What Lies Between Lovers and ending with the death of Lenin in 1924 Figes permits himself sweep of events that makes what ctually happened even dramatic than it was Again nd Rebel Yell (Savage Texas, again you not only readbout but hear from the survivors of mistakes errors misconceptions indolence A Matter of Some Scandal arrogance foolishness well meaning idiocy in way that s human being is than heartbreaking Again nd gain the Revolution might never have happened Worth The Trade (More Than A Game, a democracy might have developed steps taken could have been taken back but they weren t Instead one of the great mass tragedies of history occurrednd you feel like helpless bystander watching it happenThis is remarkable history nd it is n extraordinary chievement It is bound to upset those with fixed ideologies on both the left nd the right If you ever read only one book on the Russian Revolution make it this oneThe Communists re given heavy treatment in this text Not only do we see how they came to power we get huge doses of their philosophy Figes gives The Fix: Soccer and Organized Crime a detailed examination of the intellectual currents that gave rise to the Communist movements well s their ctions once they ttained power What emerges is bleak picture Communism is death to The Closest Possible Union all it touches The Bolsheviks sought to not only rule by dictatorship but to change the very essence of man inton utomaton subservient to *the state Figes shows the reader the Red Terror nd some of the other methods the Bolsheviks used to try * state Figes shows the reader the Red Terror nd some of the other methods the Bolsheviks used to try bring bout this subservience It is Lost Princess a horrifying picture made worse of course under the rule of StalinFiges maintains fairly neutral perspective throughout the book Postcards from Last Summer anpologist to neither the Tsar nor the Communists though harboring Hot Shot a noticeable preferencend remorse for the incompetent Provisional Government When he does show some bias he is never overbearing The Industrial Revolution and the few opinions that he expresses do not detract inny way from the materialThe Tsar is portrayed Rock Bottom asn incompetent nd stubborn fool which I have come way thinking is fair ssessment Figes gives mple evidence for his conclusions describing the failure of Nicholas to effectively rule over n inefficient nd contradictory governmentI found the treatment of the Bolsheviks to be relatively sympathetic nd the book does not suffer because of it They re depicted s Peace of Me a ruthlessnd especially fortunate revolutionary faction group ready to use ny means necessary to obtain power but in the end given My Soul Then Sings a gift with the success of their unlikely coup Some readers may find this insufficiently damning but while I would have liked little Wildwood about how the nature of the revolutionffected later developments the bominable governance which followed is not Figes s topic The Russian Revolution launched vast experiment in social engineering perhaps the grandest in the history of mankind It was rguably n experiment which the human race was bound to make t some point in its evolution the logical conclusion of humanity s historic striving for social justice nd comradeship Figes writes bout the Russian Revolution s of Raiding with Morgan a coup in both Februarynd October the second time only Bolsheviks participated nd it was even haphazard by culturally isolated intelligentsia that really shouldn t have worked out It was ultimately successful due to the incompetent backward thi While I was halfway through this n inspirational uote from Lenin happened to come up on my reddit feed Something from one of those early speeches bout euality for ll I left Lethal Licorice (Amish Candy Shop Mystery, a comment to suggest I thought uite mildly that it was perhaps ethically uestionable to be uoting withpprobation someone responsible for the deaths of hundreds of thousands of people only to be downvoted into oblivion by other users You re probably thinking Purses and Poison about Stalin said one Fuck off clarifiednother Lenin was Rogue on the Rollaway actually very socially liberalnd kept his word bout democracy for the people This would be the same Lenin who shut down Russia s constituent ssembly who sidelined trade unions nd had striking workers shot for desertion who turned the country into police state built chain of concentration camps nd institutionalised terrorism s matter of deliberate policy Painful to see him held up s beacon of humanitarianism by people who pparently haven t even understood Animal Farm It s interesting though because even when I was growing up the far left was lways uite cool in way that the far right never was its unelectability made it harmless nd it gained certain cachet from its opposition to string of unpopular Tory governments nd by ssociation with various cult figures like Morrissey or Alexi Sayle It was lways kind of joke PEOPLE REFERRED TO EACH OTHER WITH referred to each other with Haunted House Murder (A Lucy Stone Mystery, as fellow travellers old Trotsnd st Recent memory modern memory nd
then history we re ll living in recenthistory We re ll living in recent The oldest generation is the eye witness to modern memory When it passes on we will begin to receive the history from the events nd people of that generation without the influence of contemporary bias or dialecticsIt has been lmost hundred years since the Russian Revolution Daddy's Girl Series: A Taboo Erotic Collection and Civil War It is still too early for its pure history but reliable narratives unbound by predictable dialecticsre. N human scale while providing convincing nd detailed understanding of the role of workers peasants nd soldiers in the revolution He moves deftly from topics such s the grand social forces nd mass movements that made up the revolution to profiles of key personalities Dark Tides (Dark Tides and representative characters Figes's themes of the Russian revolutions Weathering the Storm a tragedy for the Russian peoples Wrong for Me (Motor City Royals, a wholend for the millions of individuals who lost their lives to the brutal forces it unleashed make sense of events. ,
Finally beginning to emergeOrlando Figes version is not perfect but it is one of best summaries vailable to get the verage reader up to Fiddle: One Woman, Four Strings, and 8,000 Miles of Music a moderate speed on very complex subject After presenting n unsparing portrayal of the various layers of Russian society from 1891 up until Bloody Sunday 1905 Figes Revolution of 1914 becomes but the inevitable bloody result What comes s surprise to the reader is the deep depravity of the Russian soul It is black evil nd violent regardless of class or party Downright Dead affiliation Sparing neither women nor children it wantonly murders tortures rapes pillagesnd executes without drop of conscienceThis pitch black evil infected the souls of peasants nd workers s well s generals nobels police Left Fur Dead and partypparatchiks It consumed the Tsar nd Tsarina s well s Lenin Totsky nd StalinIn the midst of these psychopaths Figes follows Death by Tea a small handful of spectators suchs Maxim Gorky Loyalty and Lies (Chastity Falls, and General Brusilov the only WWI tsarist hero who eventually supported the Reds because they were the peoples choice Those two somehow manage to maintain their balance decency objectivitynd humanity while witnessing this terror unfold When Comrade Stalin s emissary Mercado paid visit to Leon Trotsky t his Mexico City home to plunge By Way Of A Wager an ice pick into his skull one can only hope the Angel of Karma was singing hymn in the exiled revolutionary s ear with Leon s very own words from the Revolution We must put n end once nd for ll to the papist uaker babble bout the sanctity of human life During the Revolution nd Civil War Trotsky Lenin nd Stalin did the very best that they could to When Kingdom Comes abide by that dictum millions literally of heartless times with their cold blooded signaturesThe Revolutionnd Civil War replaced totalitarian monarchy with totalitarian police state run by bureaucrats The classes that were terrorized oppressed The Wayward Bride (Besotted Scots, and executed beforere terrorized oppressed nd executed once gain on Such a Dance an even larger scale As one revolutionary bemoanedfterwards Lenin nd the Bolsheviks did not establish dictatorship to safeguard the revolution they made revolution to safeguard dictatorship Enter Comrade StalinA basic understanding of the twentieth century reuires grasp of the Russian Revolution that left its immense footprints cross World War II the Cold War s well s the intellectual dialectics of labor La bte du marais and capital that have defined the many shades of politics we experience todayA People s Tragedy is very good start towards that understanding In this work Figes makes two Laos: Keystone Of Indochina arguments thatre not fully How Foreign Policy Decisions Are Made In The Third World apparent until the conclusion First the Russian people were not betrayed by the Revolution Instead the devolution of the Revolution was in Figes s view the result of the inability of the Russian people to come to terms with democratic institutions He finds that the period between 1905 1914 represented Russia s liberal democratic revolution but it did not produce the reforms necessary to instill confidence in the Russian people Indeed the Bolsheviks were veritable product of the Russian messianic tradition Second it was not the leaders of the Revolution who were necessarily t fault Figes dmits that Lenin Trotsky Stalin Kerensky Geeking Out on 11C and numerous othersrrived in 1917 with truly high minded noble goals Instead Figes Et ainsi de suite argues that the goals of revolutionary leaders were outright unattainablend were doomed to failPerhaps Figes is right but I disagree with him on both The Shoshoni Cookbook accounts To me the firstrgument reeks of Western chauvinism with the implication that we Westerners could properly democratize due to our democratic heritage ignoring Germany s failures with democracy before 1945 Historias sobre los Fondos Bahá'ís and utter successfter the development of fascism Reasoning with the Infinite: From the Closed World to the Mathematical Universe anduthoritarianism in Spain Real Food/Fake Food: Why You Don’t Know What You’re Eating and What You Can Do About It and Italy France s difficult relationship with liberal democracy etc On his second point no pathway was fait ccompli for the Revolution Instead there were numerous decisions made some of which would have led to greater democratization some to uthoritarianism than we saw even in the Stalinist period Perhaps the ideals of the Revolution were too great to be implemented in reality but Revolutionaries could have dopted policies that brought the Russian state closer to their ideals without bandoning them outright I think that the Russian Revolution was necessary nd that it was not innately bad but I think Figes downplays the decisions that were made in his conclusion The last paragraph of the book however seems lmost prophetic being written even before Putin took powerPerhaps even worrying uthoritarian nationalism has begun to fill the vacuum left by the of Communism And In A Way Has Reinvented and in way has reinvented not in the sense that today s nationalists re for the most part reformed Communists but lso in the sense that their violent rhetoric with its calls for discipline nd order its ngry condemnation of the ineualities produced by the growth of capitalism nd its xenophobic reject of the West is itself dapted from the Bolshevik tradition The ghosts of 1917 have not been laid to restToday s we re well Mr Darcy's Cottage of Earthly Delights: Shades of Pride and Prejudice aware nationalism is the guiding ideology of the modern Russian statend it is rather uthoritarian This fits further in Figes s view that Russians have not learned to be good liberals but I think it says bout global patterns than something specifically Russian Although former Soviet states held the vanguard of resurgent nationalism it is now global phenomenon ranging from Poland s Law nd Justice to Turkey s AKP nd India s BJP Even the American GOP nd British Conservative Party have in many ways turned to uthoritarian nationalism Yet there is nothing inevitable bout this turn I find it uneuivocally bad but it is The Cat Who Lived with Anne Frank as we should be wellware not intrinsic to the Russian people This is The Myth of Genesis and Exodus and the Exclusion of Their African Origins a remarkable book on the Russian Revolution It s coverage from 1891 thru 1924 is detailed but very readable Were presented with wide panoply of characters Tsar Nicholas II Lenin Prince Lvov Kerensky Gorky nd many This gives distinctive personal feeling where history is populated by real people nd provides us with ground view of the turbulent events of Russia It s brutal historySadly there were periods during the Tsar s rule Design Works: How to Tackle Your Toughest Innovation Challenges Through Business Design and the first monthsfter the 1917 revolution where the country seemed to be edging towards democratic nd liberal constitution but this was thwarted time nd gain nd fell back to uthoritarianism which to some extent seems ingrained in the Russian psyche The uthor vividly portrays these figures for what they truly were Nicholas was weak kneed nd never wanted nything to with democracy nd liberalism he hindered ny ttempts to proceed in that direction falling back to rigid domination was his rule of thumb Kerensky was the wrong man in the right place in that small opening fter the events of February 1917 there was potential for parliamentarianism but Kerensky was rudderless nd prima donna Lenin knew what he wanted Lenin was intolerant of ny criticism Loyalty and Lies (Chastity Falls, and over time succeeded in establishing strong centralist dictatorship It was Lenin that made the Stalinist regime possibleThroughout this period Russia was often in state of virtual narchy particularly fter the start of World War I where the country was not only combating external enemies but t war with itself After Lenin s coup in October 1917 it was Lenin himself who precipitated these internal struggles Jeep. Sur les traces de la lgende against enemies of the people wargainst the bourgeoisie war gainst the peasants for llegedly hoarding foodstuffs war The Abbeyville Way against striking workersnd of course the civil war the Reds nd the Whites where often groups uickly switched llegiancesThe Stations of the Lost: The Treatment of Skid Row Alcoholics author gives us excellent depictions of the miserablend backward existence of the peasantry nd lso how the urban cities were in Treasure Diver (Choose Your Own Adventure, a constant state of flux revolution on the street destitutionnd starvationOne does come A Shot at Love away with view that Marxist Leninist philosophy Old Records Never Die: One Man's Quest for His Vinyl and His Past and dictums gave little credence to human rightsnd viewed the individual Ask an Astronaut as subservient to the state Afterll one of its principal slogans Dictatorship of the Proletariat has Dead of Night always emphasized Dictatorship It hardly compares to the motto of the French revolution Liberty Eualitynd Fraternity The long The Voyage Unplanned authoritarianism of the Tsarist rulers gave way ton even vicious dictatorship under Communism where the rights of man were crushed under The Dwelling a Central government that stoppedt nothing to implement state policies If you wish to gain n insight into this key era of history this is definitely the book for you One lso comes way with n understanding of Russia Vienna 1814: How the Conquerors of Napoleon Made War, Peace, and Love at the Congress of Vienna and its vast land mass today At over 800 pages it is lengthy but well worth For new generation of students of Russian history Sympathy for the charismatic leaders nd ideological theorizing regarding Hegelian dialectics nd Marxist economics two hallmarks of much earlier writing on the Russian revolution re banished from these clear eyed fair minded pages of A People's Tragedy The uthor's sympathy is suarely with the Russian people That commitment together with the benefit of historical hindsight provides Adaptations: From Short Story to Big Screen: 35 Great Stories That Have Inspired Great Films a standpoint Figes take fulldvantage of in this masterful histor.