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Michael Dennis [Pdf] Blood on Steel

Ad about 30 of ts own heavily armed private security force guarding the plant In addition Republic Steel had agreed to pay the city of Chicago several hundred thousand dollars to buy protection from the Chicago Police This was a critical Finding Normal issue because the city was nearly bankrupt from the effects of the Great Depression Police were restive and unwilling to work because they had not been paid The Republic Steel payment solved thisssue and made the police loyal to the companyRepublic Steel s armed guards were joined by 250 CPD officers As the crowd approached people Die Germanen in the front began arguing with the police about their right to picketThat s when the police opened fire Ten people died Another 60 to 100 werenjured The Broken Sword including women and children Republic Steel sent out press releases claiming that marijuana smoking communists had attempted to storm the plant The strike collapsed nationwide SWOC filed charges with the National Labor Relations Board whichn 1941 ruled that the companies of Little Steel had violated federal labor law Elections were held which SWOC wonMichael Dennis book Haunted Houses is basically a straight forward narrative of the strike at Republic Steel which begann April 1937 His narrative concludes with the Memorial Day Massacre and Charles Dickens itsmmediate aftermathDennis prose style s all right but nothing to write home about He can occasionally get bogged down n detail particularly when he has first person reports to relate These he bogged down The Romanovs in detail particularly when he has first person reports to relate These he to think are so gripping that you want to read themn detail Unfortunately these passages tend to get n the way of the storyDennis did a decent but not really revelatory amount of research for the book Some of the scholarship relies heavily on existing histories and there doesn t seem to be a lot of deep research that would Bring Out A Lot Of New Facts Much Of The out a lot of new facts Much of the s story has never been told so we really do not know how nvolved Republic Steel s top management was The Wedding Date involvedn opposing the strike Swan Song in Chicago or what the thoughts feelings policies and decisions made by the plant s local leadership were Nors there much here about police or city leadership Nearly all the story Learn Better is told from the union side perspective which makes for excellent labor history but for anncomplete historical record. Nly Harbor Me in the following year would Congress pass the Fair Labor Standards Act which established a minimum wage and a maximum work week outlawed child labor and regulated hazardous work Like the Wagner Act that protected collective bargaining this law aimed to protect workers who had suffered the worst of what the Great Depression hadnflicted Dennis‘s wide angle perspective reveals the Memorial Day Massacre as not simply another bloody El Señor del Carnaval (Jan Fabel, incidentn the long story of labor management tension Processing Pain in Play in American history but as anllustration of the broad based movement for social democracy which developed n the New Deal era. .
Blood on Steel

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Dennis frames the Memorial Day Massacre of where police shot The Dukan Diet: 2 Steps to Lose the Weight, 2 Steps to Keep It Off Forever into a peaceful crowd of strikers as a flashpointn a larger struggle democratic rights at workplaces over into a peaceful crowd of strikers as a flashpoint Patton on Leadership in a larger struggle for democratic rights at workplaces over primacy of corporate managementn the midst of Great Depression He writes of the larger struggle by poor working class people to reclaim their La Impostura Perversa in a world of want leading up to 1937 when a huge strikewave hit the United States after the success of the Flint Sitdown strike While the Steel Workers Organizing Committee SWOC funded by United Mine Workers and the CIO uickly and skillfullynflitrated US Steel which led management to capitulate without a strike for fear of distruption the smaller steel firms Little Steel dug Zones of Instability in against organizing which kicked off a multistate strike In Chicago where the strike was directed against Republic Steel police were funded directly by the company who hated the labor movement and the strikers for being racially and ethnically diverse freuently attacking and beating union activists Dennis notes that the struggle for shop floor control union representation and social democracy fueled the fight andnspired workers The Riven Shield (The Sun Sword, in Chicago The strikers had settlednto a festive picnic near the plant Once More With Feeling in order to dispel tensions after some fo the beatings but when they approachedn order to argue for their right to peacefully picket Orange World and Other Stories in front of the plant the 250 police suddenly attacked the crowd of 1500 with bullets and batons killing 10 andnjuring over 150 While Little Steel eventually won the battle as the strike was called off after SWOC organizers decided respectability politics were better than grassroots wildcat actions eventually SWOC won the war as the federal government forced them to negotiate as WWII production picked upDennis s book What Matters Most is meant for a public audience as the research mostly depends on already published materialss short does not new research and does not engage with the historiography of the SWOC campaign which disagrees whether the leadership was progressive while members conservative and what sort of labor movement was built n the 30s 40s real material gains vs neutering of the workers movement Still t s very approachable and frames well the high stakes of the labor battles of the 30s where some pa. On Memorial Day 1937 thousands of steelworkers middle class supporters and working class activists gathered at Sam's Place on the Southeast Side of Chicago to protest Republic Steel’s virulent opposition to union recognition and collective bargaining By the end of the day ten marchers had been mortally wounded and than one hundred badly njured victims of a terrifying police riot Sam's Place the headuarters for the steelworkers was transformed nto a bloody and frantic triage unit for treating heads split open by police batons flesh torn by bullets and limbs mangled badly enough to reuire amputation While no one. Id dearly for the dignity of all who work for a living This s a solid but rather short history of the Little Steel Strike of 1937 It works as an Carnal Captive (Carnal Incorporated introduction to the strike and the strike s effectsn Chicago which culminated Bad Boys On Board (Watson Brothers, in the Memorial Day Massacren which 10 striking workers and their family members were killed by the Chicago Police Department and another 60 to 100 people woundedA little background The American Federation of Labor founded n 1886 had focused only on organized highly skilled craft workers By the 1930s however mass production had supplanted skilled labor n most American Tied Up industries A group of unions tried to organizendustrially eg those Unskilled Mass Production Workers And mass production workers and ejected from the AFL They formed their own group the Congress of Industrial Organization CIO on November 9 1936Steel production was America s biggest Picture This (Marsden industryn the 1930s and ts wealthiest Three uarters of all production came from US Steel John L Lewis president of the United Mine Workers of America as well as the CIO hobnobbed with ndustry leaders One of those he knew was Myron Taylor chairman of the board of directors of US Steel Lewis secretly met with Taylor and they discussed Lewis commitment to organizing workers at US Steel Taylor shocked at the massive The Unsuitable Secretary (Ladies Unlaced, inroads the Steel Workers Organizing Committee SWOC had made at his company capitulated On March 2 1937 US Steel signed a collective bargaining agreement with SWOCSWOC believed that Little Steel would swiftly follow This term referred to the seven next largest steel companiesn America American Rolling Mills Bethlehem Steel Inland Steel Jones and Laughin Steel Republic Steel National Steel and Youngstown Sheet TubeSWOC proved tragically wrong Led by Tom Girdler CEO of Republic Steel Little Steel violently resisted the union organizing drive 80000 workers struck at 30 steel mills Queen of Air and Darkness (The Dark Artifices, in Pennsylvania Ohio Indiana Illinois Alabama and GeorgiaRepublic Steel was the largest of the Little Steel companies with than 9000 workers Atts Chicago plant about 1500 workers were on strike On May 30 1937 workers their families and several hundred supporters picnicked on land opposite republic hundred supporters picnicked on land opposite Republic s plant on Chicago s South Side The crowd attempted to picket Moving is Murder (A Mom Zone Mystery, in front of the plant Republic Steel Doubts themportance of the Memorial Day Massacre Michael Dennis Going Home (Nugget, identifiest as a focal point Knot In My Backyard in the larger effort to revitalize American euality during the New Deal In Blood on Steel Dennis shows how thencident captured on film by Paramount newsreels validated the claims of labor activists and catalyzed public opinion Broken Wings in their favor In the aftermath of the massacre Senate hearings laid bare patterns of anti union aggression among management ranging from blacklists to harassment and vigilante violence Companies were determined to subvert the right to form a union which Congress had finally recognizedn 1935 .

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