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[PDF/EBOOK] The Unthinkable BY Amanda Ripley

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Hers To Cherish (Verdantia, dHey areefinitely trapped is not the same thing In fact in submarine The Intelligent Entrepreneur disasters such as the horrific sinking of the Russian submarine Kursk in 2000 humans are not likely to panic The crew knows there is no way out At submarineepths even if they were to swim out of the hatch they would not surviveBut if people worry that they might be trapped that is a trigger for panic even in wide open spaces War refugees caught in the open by strafing planes can The Summer of the Ubume develop as acute a sense of potential entrapment as individuals in a buildinguring an earthuake who see all exits becoming blocked by Distracted - Acting Edition debris uarantelli wroteSecond panic reuires a sensation of great helplessness which often grows from interaction with others What starts as an individual sense of impotence escalates when people see their feelings reflected around them One person caught in explosions in a factory explained it this way to uarantelli I can truthfully say that when I heard the moaning and crying of the others Iid get uite panicky Perhaps the Blitz and the Three Mile Island accident like most Trauma heilen disastersid not cause panic because people Developing Resilient Organizations did not feel very helpless They could take shelter or evacuate after all And following the Lake Wobegon effect the psychological phenomenon named after Garrison Keillor s above average town most people probably suspected that they would be among the lucky onesThe final prereuisite to panic is a sense of profound isolation uarantelli found Surrounded by others all of whom feel utterly powerless we realize we are exuisitely alone We understand that we could be saved but no one is going too it Panic is in a way what happens when human beings glimpse their own impending mortality and know that it Clean Tech, Clean Profits didn t have to be socIt was hard to hear or think with the constant thud of the water hitting our precarious plastic shelter Every thirty seconds or so when a spray of ice cold water leaked through my fellow survivors would erupt in shrieks At that moment I remembered once being told by a military researcher that very cold or very hot environments tend toegrade human performance very very uickly The effect tends to be geometric Sitting there for just five minutes in the wet stinking huddle I felt suddenly exhausted I knew I GameMaker Essentials d be out of there in time forinner I knew my life wasn t even remotely in Singing the Kyrgyz Manas danger and Iid not feel afraid But still I felt surprisingly Witch Way to Murder drained My brain must have been working harder than I consciously realized At that moment the idea of uietly surrendering in a realisaster Before The Legend didn t seem uite so unimaginablecThe Finer DistinctionsAt an upscale restaurant inowntown Portland Oregon two women are eating together at a table by the window In the middle of their conversation a Pagan Babies drunken homeless man stumbles up to the window unzips his pants and pulls his penis up to the table After a short period of gasps and guffaws the police are called Officer Loren Christensen arrives at the scene and finds two extremes One of the women he says is laughing her head off The other is slumped on a bench in the lobby with someone fanning herIn his twenty five years as a police officer Christensen noticed this kind of variance often particularly among female victims of flashers One would laugh it off Another would be enraged Still another would be emotionally traumatized Christensen who has retired from the police force and now works as an author and martial arts instructor has always had troubleiscerning what makes one person react so The Joy of Work differently from another even in war when he was a military policeman In Vietnam I saw people psychologically impacted in the extreme who worked as cooks Cooks And I saw infantrymen who had seriously faced theragon who appeared at least on the surface to be fine Resilience is a precious skill People who have it tend to also have three underlying advantages a belief that they can influence life events a tendency to find meaningful purpose in life s turmoil and a conviction that they can learn from both positive and negative experiences These beliefs act as a sort of buffer cushioning the blow of any given isaster Dangers seem MANAGEABLE TO THESE PEOPLE AND THEY PERFORM BETTER AS to these people and they perform better as result Trauma like beauty is in the eye of the beholder says George Everly Jr at the Johns Hopkins Center for Public Health Preparedness in Balti MarylandThis makes sense A healthy proactive worldview should logically lead to resilience But it s the kind of unsatisfying answer that begs another uestion If this worldview leads to resilience well what leads to the worldviewThe answer is not what we might expect Resilient people aren t necessarily yoga practicing Buddhists One thing that they have in abundance is confidence As we saw in the chapter on fear confidence that comes from realistic rehearsal or even laughter fear confidence that comes from realistic rehearsal or even laughter the isruptive effects of extreme fear A few recent studies have found that people who are unrealistically confident tend to fare spectacularly well in isasters Psychologists call these people self enhancers but you and I would probably call them arrogant These are people who think highly of themselves than other people think of them They tend to come off as annoying and self absorbed In a way they might be better adapted to crises than they are to real lifeLess than a year after the civil war ended George Bonanno at Columbia University interviewed seventy eight Bosnia Herzegovina citizens in Sarajevo Each person in the study rated himself or herself when it came to psychological problems interpersonal skills health problems and moodiness Then each person was rated by his or her peers A small group of people rated themselves significantly higher than others id And these were the people found by mental health professionals to be better adjustedAfter 911 Bonanno found a similar pattern among survivors who were in or near the World Trade Center The IKEA Edge during the attacks Those with high senses of self worth rebounded relatively easily They even had lower levels of the stress hormone cortisol in their saliva Their confidence was like a vaccine against life s vicissitudesSeveral studies have found that people with higher Is tend to fare better after a trauma Resilient people may be smarter in other words Why would that be Perhaps intelligence helps people think creatively which might in turn lead to a greater sense of purpose and control Or maybe the confidence that comes with a high I is what leads to the resilience to begin withThe important point is that everyone regardless of I can manufacture self esteem through training and experience That is what soldiers and police officers will tell you that confidence comes fromoing As we saw in Chapter 3 the brain functions much better when it is familiar with a problem We feel in control because we are in control But in certain situations like the one in which Shacham found himself as a rookie cop sitting next To A Violent Criminal Who Had Called a violent criminal who had called bluff neither experience nor training could rescue him He Splish, Splash! drew upon something else something fundamental. Ects of extreme fear Finally Ripley steps into theark corners of her own imagination having her brain examined by military researchers and experiencing through realistic simulations what it might be like to survive a plane crash into the ocean or to escape a raging fire     Ripley comes back with precious wisdom about the surprising humanity of crowds the elegance of the brain’s fear circuits and the stunning inadeuacy of many of our evolutionary responses Most unexpectedly she Simple Italian Snacks discovers the brain’s ability too much much better with just a little help The Unthinkable escorts us into the bleakest regions of our nightmares flicks on a flashlight and takes a steady look around Then it leads us home smarter and stronger than we were before.

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review The Unthinkable

The UnthinkableI am admittedly very interested in Biscuit Meets the Class Pet disasters and their aftermath I have been ever since I was a girl I remember reading about The Titanic with fascination I was obsessed with Pompeii for a while Earthuakes tsunamis floods all of it Maybe it s because when I was young my town flooded for severalays our basement filling with water and my Werewolf Smackdown (Felix Gomez, dad away allay filling sandbags as the streets flowed like a river I on t know But I ve always had a healthy fear of and fascination with what happens when things go wrongWhen a friend recommended this book to me I checked it out from the library right away and I m glad I id Ripley s writing style is both informative citing studies and interviewing researchers in the field of human stress and behavior as well as casual in tone She interviews Try This disaster survivors from 9 11 fires active shooting situations and plane crashes giving insight into theifferent types of reactions that one can have when confronted with an extremely stressful situation We learn about the three phases of a human s The Mistress Diaries (Pembroke Palace, disaster response and how to help ourselveso a little better to ensure that we are likely to be safe I found it fascinating I wanted to bring up some of the ideas with people I talk to as well as apply some of her thoughts into my own life It s straightforward and frightening sometimes but isn t trying to be scary it s trying to inform and change behavior Highly recommended for anyone who wants to feel confident about how to keep themselves safe in those once in a lifetime situations I hate to fly but if I want to see my oldest son who lives 1700 miles away I pretty much have to When I was four months pregnant with this son I was on a flight that had a fire in the cabin shortly after takeoff so the pilot told us we needed to assume the crash position return to the airport land on a runway surrounded by fire trucks and exit using the wing evacuation slides Everything turned out fine but it was pretty The Amazing Adventures of Dietgirl darn scary at the time I ve been terrified to fly ever since asking myoctor for four Xanax four times a year when I had to fly She has become less willing to prescribe them so now I just have a Poisonous Snakes drink before boarding When I saw this book at the library even the title made my heart pound but Iecided to check it out and face my fear Instead of being scary I found this book to be interesting informative empowering and a positive look at how people react when faced with a Dirty Deeds (Mechanics of Love, disaster I hope I never have to learn what myisaster personality how you respond in a crisis would be if I was in the middle of a real Infinite Repeat (The Art of Lainey, disaster but this book has given me a lot to think about and at least listen to the safety presentation before takeoff identify the plane exits as instructed and learn where the fire exits are when I check into a hotel I m still afraid to fly but after reading The Unthinkable I can recognize that as an emotional response and move beyond it by planning preparation practicing and executing my plan It s a fine line between telling yourself that the chances of aisaster happening to you or a loved one are slim and expecting Chore Whore disasters around every corner but The Unthinkable provides an educational logical and positive approach to risk fear andisaster planning A couple months ago my place of employment sent me to a Readiness Conference I fan girled out listening to Dr Kevin Menes talk about his experience in the emergency The Forgotten Man Graphic Edition department responding to the Las Vegas shooting aftermath Seriously The guyeserves a medal and is a walking superhero in health care The next session was on responding to shooters in the work force The thing that both Dr Menes and the expert shooter response trainers continued to reiterate is something I completely agree with But it took my belief from a personal anecdote to something with concrete The Female of the Species data when tragedy strikes YOU are the first responder Not 911 So what are youoing to be ready What makes you confident you are as ready as you can be This book was referenced several times and I immediately put it on my short list to read It s now on my short list to buy Phenomenal book There s still a long way to go and I ve had a method of self Witch Week (Chrestomanci, defense for years but this takes it to a whole new level When I sit in a restaurant now I know the exits When I m going around corners I look for the hallway mirrors And a million other small awareness things The book breaksown behavioral response to Memory Boot Camp disaster propensity for certain behaviorsuring London Calling disaster and pushes the reader towards readiness Not in order to instill anxiety in the ready but to instill confidence because we know what the heck we wouldo IF We ve wrestled those Orchard Valley Grooms demons and we re at peace with a plan Beyond fascinating and practical Highly recommend I rate this a PG 13 for heavy adult material swearing and scenes of Croma Venture: The Spiral Wars, Book 5 death andestruction An exceptional book about who survives and Who T In doesn t Rancher Daddy (Saddlers Prairie, disaster Amanda Ripley writesWe flirt shamelessly with risk today constructing city skylines in hurricane alleys and neighborhoods on top of fault lines Largely because of where we liveisasters have become freuent and expensive But as we build ever impressive buildings and airplanes we The Tycoons Very Personal Assistant do less and less to build better survivors Howid we get this way The I learned the I wondered how much of our survival behaviors and misbehaviors could be explained by evolution After all we evolved to escape predators not buildings that reach a "uarter mile into the sky Has technology simply outpaced our survival mechanisms "mile into the sky Has technology simply outpaced our survival mechanisms there are two kinds of evolution the genetic kind and the cultural kind Both shape our behavior and the cultural kind has gotten a lot faster We now have many ways to create instincts we can learn to One Girl One Dream do better or worse We can pass on traditions about how toeal with modern risks just as we pass on language This book tells you many useful things about survival human s mind and The Amazing SAS disasters and I really enjoy the author s sense of humor as well Informative educational and effectively written We need non fictional books like thisPS I really like how scientists are having all the fun when they run their experiments 1 getting people to jump from building with safety neat beneath and 2 getting people to swim through a mazelike swimming pool so they can analyze how human s brain would work at the state of crisis Kindaisappointed to be honest I mean it is an engaging read and the her writing style is very readable which is why I m so frustrated with how mediocre the actual content was I think my expectations were misled by the subtitle on the cover Who Survives When Disaster Strikes and Why From the subtitle I was expecting an eye opening thought provoking book based on scientific studies and statistical research similar to Freakonomics and The Tipping Point etc but what we got were psychological profiles of the The Conquerors Lady / The Mercenarys Bride / His Enemys Daughter different human responses toisaster Which is interesting enough as it is but Ripley Broken Prophecy doesn t uite tell us why people with these particular traits survive or at least sheoesn t really link her argument. It lurks in the corner of our imagination almost beyond our ability to see it the possibility that a tear in the fabric of life could open up without warning upending a house a skyscraper or a civilization Today nine out of ten Americans live in places at significant risk of earthuakes hurricanes tornadoes terrorism or other The Dangerous Debutante (Romney Marsh, disasters Tomorrow some of us will have to make split second choices to save ourselves and our families How will we react What will it feel like Will we be heroes or victims Will our upbringing our gender our personality–anything we’ve ever learned thought orreamed of–ultimately matter    Amanda Ripley an award winning journalist for Time magazine who has covered some of the most Surrender My Heart (Harts in Love, devastatingisasters of our age se. S and points well so each section feels very The Wedding Challenge (The Matchmaker disjointed and muddled and the point is lost in there somewhere Everyone should read this book Besides being filled with utterly fascinating tales of howifferent people react Quadruplets On The Doorstep duringisasters Luke did you know panic is actually an extremely rare response it gives very helpful ideasplans for how to prepare yourself mentally for being involved in one This is the type of book you re always reading bits aloud to whoever happens to be in the room I cannot stress how terrific and interesting it isjust knowing the most common reasons peopleie in The Hero Next Door (Lighthouse Lane disasters could save you because these reasons are not at all what you re always believed Storytelling is essential to survival It s what turns preparation into ritual and victims into saviors I had this review 95% written and my computeried because its battery is crap And now it s goneIt was a bomb review Just pretend you read it and it was REALLY goodUnfortunately you are left with the half assed version of my review because I ve had an extremely rough week I basically have the mental energy of a toad right nowVeering away from the A Bride For A Blue-Ribbon Cowboy disaster that is my life let s talk about The Unthinkable Life becomes like molten metal he wrote Old customs crumble and instability rules For a book about panic 911 hurricanes and school shootings The Unthinkable is infused with a comforting sense of hope It s absolutely horrifying to hear the tales of a woman who stumbledown the stairs of the World Trace Center or a teenager who lived through the Virginia Tech violence But these tragic stories have a silver lining humanity is better kinder and smarter than you The Witnesses (Lancaster Burning d ever think Even in times ofisaster most people choose to be good To o goodAnd that s the first thing I want to commend Amanda Ripley on She wrote a well researched thorough optimistic book about isasters and the ways human nature moves though them It s too easy to say it won t happen to me Not this plane not this storm You ve always been safe so your brain sees no reason to think otherwiseThere s a lot of talk about our instinctual reactions in the face of anger Why o we perform acts of heroism How The Best Revenge (Redstone, Incorporated do crowds of people suddenly turneadly What physical reactions Ranchers Perfect Baby Rescue do our bodies go through when faced with unimaginable fear Howo we keep from freezing and move past Silent Confessions denial How are you most likely toie Think for a moment Given your own profile what A Texas Holiday Miracle do you really think is most likely to kill you It s a survival of the mind type of story but there s a bit of practical advice sprinkled throughout Check your smokeetectors Pay attention to emergency exit locations Never try to 74 Seaside Avenue drive through a flooded road And finally know whatisasters you could personally face and mentally rehearse for what you will The Note do For example I live right on the border of tornado alley as well as being close to a major fault line So it makes much sense for me to plan for either of those options as opposed to a tsunamiI ain t afraid of no tsunami When people believe that survival is negotiable they can be wonderfully creative All it takes is the audacity to imagine that our behavior matters The Unthinkable is a remarkable work of nonfiction realistic without pessimism and full of personal eye opening stories ofisaster At it s core it is a book that believes in humanity as a group and as individuals No only CAN we survive we will Easy read on history of The Loving Gift disaster planning Good gut check on understand risk and how to respond Starts with the Halifax Explosion in 1917 and explores 911 1993 bombing Sewer explosions of Guadalajara and Katrina Some of the interesting items 1 Initial response in aisaster is always by neighbors or self rescue so be prepared 2 Understand risk of activities The Wildcatter don t watch the news references Taleb above so Heart Attack Cancer Stroke Car accident A study showed an additional 2000 roadeaths Bear Claw Lawman (Bear Claw Creek Crime Lab, due to theecrease in air travel after 911 So based on that we should all start our Her Nine Month Confession day with 20 minutes of meditation and a bowl of Oatmeal 3 Very good information on fear During a crisis people go catatonic than panic Use profanity and scream to get people to move For an individual military training helps make a plan execute the plan or just uickly think about why you need to li Incredible A textbook basically on all things scary And an extremely illuminating one at thatFor all these reasons perhaps heroes feel a nonnegotiableuty to help others when they can It s something in your heart your soul and your emotions that gets a hold of you and says I gotta A Southern Reunion do something Oliner says This finding agrees with the results of other albeit scant research into heroism People who perform heroic acts are very often those who are helpers in everyday life be they firefighters or nurses or police officersPerhaps because of their training and experience heroes also have confidence in their own abilities In general like almost all people who perform well under extreme stress heroes believe they shape their ownestinies Psychologists call this an internal locus of control I asked Roger Olian if he felt in control of what happens to him There s no uestion in my mind To a very large Let It Go degree he said Even if I couldn t control it I would feel like I should Bystanders on the other hand tend to feel buffeted by forces beyond their control They pay scant attention to other people s problems They will concentrate on their own need for survival Oliner says And bystanders it s worth remembering are what most of us areCOur obedience to authority in aisaster can be an asset if the people in charge understand it For years aviation safety experts could not understand why passengers Charade of Hearts did so little to save themselves in plane crashes They would sit in their seats instead of going to an exit Those whoid get up had an infuriating tendency to reach for their carry on baggage before leaving Then once they made it to the exit The Yuletide Rescue (Alaskan Search and Rescue door they would pause for aangerous amount "Of Time Before Jumping "time before jumping the slide And in plane crashes you usually have a matter crashes remember you usually a matter seconds not minutes to get outIn a series of experiments safety officials ran regular people through mock evacuations from planes The trials weren t nearly as stressful as real evacuations of course but it Toward a Better Life didn t matter People especially women hesitated for a surprisingly long time before jumping onto the slide That pause slowed the evacuation for everyone But there was a way to get people to move faster If a flight attendant stood at the exit and screamed at people to jump the pause all butisappeared the researchers found In fact if flight attendants Die Konigreiche Israel Und Juda Im 9. Jahrhundert V. Chr. did not aggressivelyirect the evacuation they might as well have not been there at all A study by the Cranfield University Aviation Safety Centre found that people moved just as slowly for polite and calm flight attendants as they Schaums Outline of Microbiology, Second Edition did when there were no flight attendants presentcPanic occurs if and only if three other conditions are present uarantelli concluded First people must feel that they may be trapped Knowing T out toiscover what lies beyond fear and speculation In this magnificent work of investigative journalism Ripley retraces the human response to some of history’s epic After the Rubicon disasters from the explosion of the Mont Blanc munitions ship in 1917–one of the biggest explosions before the invention of the atomic bomb–to a plane crash in England in 1985 that mystified investigators for years to the journeys of the 15000 people who found their way out of the World Trade Center on September 11 2001 Then to understand the science behind the stories Ripley turns to leading brain scientists trauma psychologists and otherisaster experts formal and informal from a Holocaust survivor who studies heroism to a master gunfighter who learned to overcome the eff. ,